MariaDB, a fork of MySQL is among the hottest open-source SQL (Structured Question Language) relational databases administration methods, made by the unique builders of MySQL. It’s designed for velocity, reliability, and ease of use.
It’s the default MySQL sort database system in the usual repositories of most if not all main Linux distributions together with RHEL (RedHat Enterprise Linux) and Fedora Linux. It additionally works on Home windows and macOS, and plenty of different working methods. It’s used as a alternative for MySQL database system within the LAMP (Linux + Apache + MariaDB + PHP) and LEMP (Linux + Engine-X + MariaDB + PHP) stack.
It’s growth began because of considerations that arose when MySQL was acquired by Oracle Company in 2009. Now, the builders and maintainers of MariaDB do month-to-month merges with the MySQL code base to make sure that MariaDB has any related bug fixes added to MySQL.
MariaDB server is accessible beneath the GPL license, model 2, and its shopper libraries for C, Java, and ODBC are distributed beneath the LGPL license, model 2.1 or larger. It’s supplied in two completely different editions.
The primary is the MariaDB Group Server which you’ll obtain, use, and modify without cost. The second version is the MariaDB Enterprise Server meant to switch proprietary databases and undertake open supply within the enterprise.
How Does MariaDB Work?
Similar to MySQL, MariaDB additionally makes use of a shopper/server mannequin with a server program that recordsdata requests from shopper applications. As is typical of shopper/server pc methods, the server and the shopper applications may be on completely different hosts.
MySQL Shopper-Server Construction
Key Options of MariaDB
MariaDB is extremely suitable with MySQL as each MariaDB model works as a “drop-in alternative” for the equal MySQL model, nevertheless, with a few limitations.
If you’re migrating to MariaDB, its knowledge recordsdata are typically binary suitable with these from the equal MySQL model, and likewise MariaDB’s shopper protocol is binary suitable with MySQL’s shopper protocol.
- It helps many alternative SQL statements, construction, and guidelines, features and procedures, user-defined features (helpful for extending MariaDB), server variables, and SQL modes, partitioning of tables, database backup, and restoration, server monitoring and logs. It additionally ships with a number of plugins such because the MariaDB audit plugin, and extra.
- MariaDB comes with many new choices, options, and extensions, storage engines, in addition to bug fixes that aren’t in MySQL. A number of the new options in MariaDB are superior clustering with Galera Cluster 4, a number of compatibility options with Oracle Database, and Temporal Information Tables (which lets you question the information because it stood at any level previously), and a lot extra.
- The identical safety features in MySQL exist in MariaDB. Moreover, it is best to think about greatest practices to safe your database server. Additionally, securing your database ought to begin proper on the community and server degree.
It is very important perceive that though MariaDB stays suitable with MySQL, it’s really open-source (and is developed by the group in true open-source spirit), it doesn’t have any closed supply modules like those that exist in MySQL Enterprise Version.
The MariaDB documentation will enable you to totally perceive the variations between MySQL and MariaDB.
MariaDB Shopper and Instruments
For each MariaDB and MySQL, all shopper APIs and structs are similar, all ports and sockets are typically the identical, and all MySQL connectors for programming languages akin to Python, Perl, PHP, Ruby, Java, and MySQL C connector, and so forth work unchanged beneath MariaDB.
Additionally, MariaDB comes with a number of shopper applications akin to the favored command-line utilities: mysql, mysqladmin, and mysqldump, for administering databases.
Who’s Utilizing MariaDB?
A few of corporations utilizing MariaDB embody RedHat, Ubuntu, Google, Wikipedia, Tumblr, Amazon Internet Providers, SUSE Linux, and extra.
Listed below are some helpful articles about MariaDB:
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